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Introduction to Consignment Inventory (Part 1 of 3)
Definition
Consignment inventory is inventory that is:
  1. Owned by the manufacturer
  2. Shipped to the customer, but not invoiced until—
  3. Consumption of the inventory is advised by the customer—at which time, it is invoiced.

Consignment and Epicor ERP v9 & v10
Epicor ERP (v9 & v10) does not have a “consignment module” per se, but it does support consignment very well, with well-defined procedures. For example, the method described below has been used by multiple companies in the aerospace industry.

There are several deviations from this model that can cause it to malfunction.  We conclude this post by highlighting those pitfalls so they are not pursued.

Consignment with MRP-Multi-Site Advantages
By setting up consignment in the manner described here, there are many advantages and processes that can be managed within Epicor ERP v9 or v10. These include:

  1. Forecasting of consignment usage by location
  2. Management of minimum stocking levels by consignment location
  3. Management of minimum stocking levels at manufacturer’s location to fill consignment emergencies
  4. Automatic replenishment of minimum levels at the consignment location
  5. Ability to cycle count/physically inventory a specific customer’s inventory
  6. Easy shipment of “Transfer Orders” to move inventory to consignment location
  7. Material requirements for future consignment deliveries are still calculated based on the forecast that is entered into consignment

The Required Initial Setup
To process consignment inventory, there are several modules required, as well as some specific setups.

  1. Must have Material Requirements Planning (MRP)
  2. Must have Multi-site
  3. Must create a new “Plant” (in v9) or “Site” (in v10) to hold “Consignment Inventory”

Optional Setup Items
There are some decisions that are optional, depending on the customers, and the products that are shipping to those customers:

  1. You can set up either one consignment plant/site for the entire company, or one consignment plant/site for each Customer Ship-To. The reason is:
    • If you ship common assemblies to multiple consignment sites, then it is easier to track requirements if there is a separate plant for each location.
    • But if there are no common parts between customers, then creating one plant (or site), with one warehouse for each customer, is sufficient.
  2. You can alternatively create separate cost tables for each plant. This allows the plant to have its own average cost. However, many companies do not want this to happen, and tie the costs of the consignment plant to the main plant.

Pitfalls of Skipping Steps or Incorrect Setup
As stated above, there are several pitfalls that are potential causes for failure and should be avoided:

  1. Some think that these consignment locations are supposed to be “non-net inventory”… this is not true. They must be considered “nettable” inventory in order for this to work.
  2. Ignoring forecasts, or putting forecasts in the wrong location.
    • Forecasts should always be entered, and they should be entered into the consignment plant.
    • Forecasts are what drives the future purchases (and even manufactured job orders, if the lead time on purchasing/manufacturing is longer).
  3. Forgetting transfer lead time.
  4. Entering sales orders against the wrong plant. All consignment usage must be “shipped” (consumed) from the consignment plant.

In the next post, we will discuss the consignment process in action.

Posted by Tim Shoemaker, Senior Principal Consultant, Epicor Professional Services

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